شاهنامه فردوسی


Hafez   Mausoleum  in Shiraz, Iran.

Tomb of  Sa´di Shiraz, Iran.

His lyrical poems, ghazals, are noted for their beauty and bring to fruition the love, mystical, and early Sufi themes that had long pervaded Persian poetry.

Ferdowsi Mausoleum in TusIRAN

 His poems even appear on the walls of the UN headquarters in New York.




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Rostam and Esfandiyar
Rostam and Esfandiyar      Enlarge
For the historical general who fought at the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah for the Sassanid Empire, also mentioned in the Shahnameh, see Rostam Farrokhzād.

Rostam (in Persian رستم Rostæm ) is a mythical hero of ancient Persia, son of Zal and Rudaba. In some ways, the position of Rostam in the historical tradition is curiously parallel to that of Surena, the hero of the Carrhae. His figure was endowed with many features of the historical personality of Rostam. The latter was always represented as the mightiest of Iranian paladins, and the atmosphere of the episodes in which he features is strongly reminiscent of the Arsacid period. He was immortalized by the 10th century poet Ferdowsi of Tus in the Shahnameh or Epic of Kings, which contain pre-Islamic folklore and history.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia






In Ferdowsi's Shahnameh, Rostam is the champion of champions and is involved in numerous stories, constituting some of the most popular (and arguably some of most masterfully created) parts of the Shahnameh. As a young child, he slays the maddened white elephant of the king Manuchehr with just one blow of the mace owned by his grand father Sam, son of Nariman. He then tames his legendary stallion, Rakhsh.

Haft Khan-e Rostam (Rostam's Seven Labours)شاهنامه



شاهنامه فردوسی

هر آنكس كه دارد هش و راى و دين
پس از مرگ بر من كند آفرين

از آن پس نميرم كه من زنده‌ام
كه تخم سخن را پراكنده‌ام

پى افكندم از نظم كاخي بلند
كه از باد و باران نيابد گزند

بناهاى آباد گردد خراب
ز باران و از تابش آفتاب


هر آنكس كه دارد هش و راى و دين
پس از مرگ بر من كند آفرين

از آن پس نميرم كه من زنده‌ام
كه تخم سخن را پراكنده‌ام

پى افكندم از نظم كاخي بلند
كه از باد و باران نيابد گزند

بناهاى آباد گردد خراب
ز باران و از تابش آفتاب

دریافت فونت نستعلیق یونیکد


He passes through a hero's journey to save his sovereign, Key Kavus who is captured by the demons (Divs) of Mazandaran. This journey is called "Rostam's Seven Labours" (Persian: Haft Khan-e Rostam):

  1. Rakhsh slays the Lion of Neyestan, defending Rostam while he is sleeping.
  2. Rostam and Rakhsh cross the Desert.
  3. Slaying of the Dragon.
  4. Rostam foils the plot of the Witch, slaying her.
  5. Rostam punishes the Horse Master of Mazani hero, Olad. The Horse Master calls on his Lord, Olad. Olad then combats Rostam to avenge the humiliation of his Horse Master. Rostam captures Olad, sparing his life on the condition of Olad helping hoim to track down the "Div-e Sepid" (White Demon), the chieftain of Divs.
  6. Rostam battles Div-e Sepid's castellan, Arjhang-e Div, slaying the demon. He recovers the key to the stronghold of the White Demon.
  7. Rostam battles the Div-e Sepid in an epic battle, slays him, and frees Key Kavus. He then installs Olad as the king of Mazandaran.

By far, the most famous and popular story of Rostam in the Shahnameh is the one in which he kills his own son Sohrab, while the two are unaware of the identity of their opponent until after Rostam wounds his son and during their final conversation the two realize they were father and son.

Another of Rostæm's most famous exploits was his struggle against the dēw (modern Persian div "demon") named Akvan, who had initially transmogriphied as a beautiful Onager, ravaging the horse-herds of Persia. When the king was informed of this on-going problem, he realizes that it is not just a zebra and it has to be Ahrimanic disguise to damage Iran-Shahr (Aryan Land). After thinking long about who he wants to assign to this task, the king finally decides that nobody other than Rostam can handle this. So he commissions Rostam to take care of this problem. Various parts of this exploit are the subject of many beautiful illustrations. The story is fully allegorical but at the same time quite entertaining on the face value.

There are some interesting similarities between the legends of Rostam and those pertaining to the great Irish hero, Cúchulainn. They both defeat a forecious beast as a very young man, slay their sons in combat, are virtually invincible in combat, and are murdered by treachery while killing their murderer on their last breath.

Two Iranian heros, Rostam and Esfandyar, share Labours stories with Hercules.

The comic adaptation of the tales of Rostam (in English) was created by Hyperwerks Comics and took 5 years to complete.

Categories: Medieval legends | Persian mythology | Shahnameh Characters | Fictional character stubs | Asian mythology stubs | Iran stubs


پارسی نو یسی ، فارسی 1

دریافت فونت نستعلیق یونیکد

پارسی نو یسی ، فارسی 2

شاهنامه فردوسی 1

خط پارسی ، فارسی

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